Europe, to The scientific revolution took place from the sixteenth century through the seventeenth century and saw the formation of conceptual, methodological, and institutional approaches to the natural world that are recognizably like those of modern science. It should not be seen as a revolution in science but a revolution in thought and practice that brought about modern science.
Modern science and the scientific method were born; the rate of scientific discovery exploded; giants such as Copernicus, Vesalius, Kepler, Galileo, Harvey, Newton, and countless lesser figures unlocked world-changing secrets of the universe.
It has often been observed that such a revolution occurred only once in human history, and in one particular culture: This observation gives rise to several questions: What role, if any, did Christianity play in the birth of modern science?
Did faith give rise to science? Did a mixture of faith and reason give rise to it?
Was Christianity somehow responsible—perhaps even necessary—for the rise of modern science, as some historians have argued? In short, what, if anything, does religion have to do with the Scientific Revolution? As long as science has existed, religionists have been attempting to reconcile religion and science.
Recently, a new breed of scholars has asserted that religion itself—in particular Christianity—actually caused the birth of science. What are the facts of the matter? Toward answering that question, let us first review some earlier and relevant historical developments; then we will turn to relevant highlights of the Scientific Revolution itself.
Science before the Scientific Revolution Science was born in ancient Greece among the pre-Socratics, who were the first to look for natural explanations of the world around them. Embracing this naturalistic outlook, the Greeks of the classical and Hellenistic eras made important advances in astronomy, geometry, medicine, and biology—and established the fields of history, drama, political theory, and philosophy.
Philosophy was especially important. Plato and Aristotle—the philosophical giants of Greece—created two dramatically different philosophical systems, especially in terms of their metaphysics and epistemologies. He maintained that the individual physical objects we see are imperfect, corrupted reflections of those in a higher reality.
Plato called this higher dimension the world of the Forms and held that knowledge of this realm can be reached only via intuition. Although Plato revered mathematics, he did so for its alleged ability to train the mind to receive the Forms rather than as a means of gaining understanding of the physical world.
Plato had little interest in studying this world. Aristotle, in contrast, was interested only in this world. He held that the objects of the physical world are fully real and thus worthy of study.The Role of Religion in the Scientific Revolution Frederick Seiler February 2, Audio PDF In The Objective Standard, Fall The Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries was a defining moment in the history of Western Civilization.
and ended after René Descartes's idea of deductive reasoning. Religious authorities rejected the Copernican system at first because it did not correlate with the Bible but later began to accept the scientific revolution.
Secular authorities did not reject the idea of the scientific revolution. Trace and discuss the course of the Scientific Revolution. How did the religious and secular authorities react to thi.
scientific revolution. Secular Authority Secular authorities didn't reject the scientific revolution because it provided new ideas and technological advances. Modern Effects 1. Through scientific analysis, these three scientists created new thoughts and theories that challenged the assumptions of mankind made by the Catholic Church.
It was the beginning of a new era of thinking, an era where evolution of mankind and the universe were proved with scientific evidence and not holy texts. Many scientists were subsequently punished by the churches.
There is an evident conflict between science and religion; Religion provides people with moral and spiritual guidance. Science, on the other hand, provides the kind of knowledge which gives us predictive power and control over our environment. The Role of Religion in the Scientific Revolution Frederick Seiler February 2, Audio PDF In The Objective Standard, Fall The Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries was a defining moment in the history of Western Civilization.