Schumann and romanticism

The Romantic Era After Beethovencomposers turned their attention to the expression of intense feelings in their music.

Schumann and romanticism

Robert Schumann, like Mendelssohn and Mozart, wrote his symphonies at an age when most longer-lived composers, are just beginning to mature and wrote only a few truly great ones. After four years at a private school, the boy entered the Zwickau Gymnasium high school in and remained there Schumann and romanticism eight years.

He began his musical education at the age of six, studying the piano. In he came under the musical influence of the Austrian composer Franz Schubert and the literary influence of the German poet Jean Paul Richterand in the same year he composed some songs. In Schumann left school and, under family pressure, reluctantly entered the University of Leipzig as a law student.

Listening to Robert Schumann's Fantasiestücke, Op. 73 forces us to live in and enjoy the moment. The three short 'Fantasy Pieces,' written in just over two days in February, , are filled with abrupt, slightly schizophrenic, changes in mood. Moments of deep introspection, followed by bursts of euphoria, remind us of Florestan and Eusebius, the . Robert Schumann was a German composer of the Romantic period famed for his concertos, symphonies, chamber works, lieder, and . Robert Schumann is mostly known for his piano pieces and his lieder. His choral music is getting close to being fully neglected. People look to either Bach's St. Matthew Passion or Mozart's Requiem or Handel's Messiah to hear the choir and the orchestra together.

But at Leipzig his time was devoted not to the law but to song compositionimprovisation at the piano, and attempts to write novels. In the summer of he left Leipzig for Heidelberg. There he composed waltzes in the style of Franz Schubert, afterward used in his piano cycle Papillons Opus 2; —31and practiced Schumann and romanticism with a view to abandoning law and becoming a virtuoso pianist—with the result that his mother agreed to allow him to return to Leipzig in October to study for a trial period with Wieck, who thought highly of his talent but doubted his stability and capacity for hard work.

An accident to one of the fingers of his right hand, which put an end to his hopes of a career as a virtuoso, was perhaps not an unmitigated misfortune, since it confined him to composition.


For Schumann, this was a period of prolific composition in piano pieces, which were published either at once or, in revised forms, later. In Schumann had become engaged to Ernestine von Fricken, but long before the engagement was formally broken off Jan.

Clara returned his kisses but obeyed her father when he ordered her to break off the relationship. Robert and Clara Schumann, lithograph by J. Hofelich The Bettmann Archive The mature years Schumann had by now entered upon one of his most fertile creative periods, producing a series of imaginative works for piano.

Schumann wrote most of Faschingsschwank while on a visit to Viennaduring which he unearthed a number of manuscripts by Franz Schubert, including that of the Symphony in C Major The Great.

In Schumann returned to a field he had neglected for nearly 12 years, that of the solo song; in the space of 11 months February—December he composed nearly all the songs on which much of his reputation rests: Clara had been pressing him to widen his scope, to launch out in other media—above all, the orchestra.

Now in January—February he composed the Symphony No. After this the orchestral impulse was temporarily spent.

Musical Tours

In another new departure, Schumann in wrote several chamber works, the finest being the Piano Quintet in E-flat Major. He made his debut as a conductor—a role in which he was invariably ineffective—with its first performance in December of that year.

The first few months of were spent on a concert tour of Russia with Clara, which depressed Schumann by making him conscious of his inferior role. On returning to Leipzig he resigned the editorship of the Neue Zeitschrift. In the autumn of his work was interrupted by a serious nervous collapse.

The early years

From late to he and Clara lived in Dresdenwhere his health was gradually restored.Schumann's piano music (and later his songs) remain supreme examples of the Romantic style of the second quarter of the nineteenth-century. Immensely influenced by literature and poetry, it is the dreamy nature of his music which most affects the listener, as can be heard in the fifth movement from the piano suite entitled Carnaval.

Dichterliebe, "A Poet's Love" (composed ), is the best-known song cycle of Robert Schumann (Op. 48).The texts for the 16 songs come from the Lyrisches Intermezzo of Heinrich Heine, written –23 and published as part of the poet's Das Buch der urbanagricultureinitiative.coming the song-cycles of Franz Schubert (Die schöne Müllerin and Winterreise), those of Schumann constitute part of the central.

Robert Schumann (–) was a German romantic composer and influential music critic. Although Schumann was no child prodigy, he went on to become one of the most important composers of the 19th century and is recognised as . Romanticism was a late 18th and early 19th century reaction to the Enlightenment.

Schumann and romanticism

Jun 07,  · Robert Schumann was a German composer and critic born in Zwickau on June 8, A quirky, problematic genius, he wrote some of the greatest music of the Romantic era, and also some of the.

Robert Schumann, like Mendelssohn and Mozart, wrote his symphonies at an age when most longer-lived composers, are just beginning to mature and wrote only a few truly great many first-generation Romantic composers Schumann was essentially a miniaturist, most at home in songs The early years.

Schumann’s father was a bookseller and publisher.

Robert Schumann | Biography & History | AllMusic