Religio Religion from O. One possible interpretation traced to Ciceroconnects lego read, i. The definition of religio by Cicero is cultum deorum, "the proper performance of rites in veneration of the gods. Augustinefollowing the interpretation given by Lactantius in Divinae institutiones, IV,
Back to Top Deontology or Deontological Ethics is an approach to Ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions Consequentialism or to the character and habits of the actor Virtue Ethics.
Thus, to a Deontologist, whether a situation is good or bad depends on whether the action that brought it about was right or wrong.
What makes a choice "right" is its conformity with a moral norm: Right takes priority over Good. For example, if someone proposed to kill everyone currently living on land that could not support agriculture in order to bring about a world without starvation, a Deontologist would argue that this world without starvation was a bad state of affairs because of the way in which it was brought about.
A Consequentialist would or could argue that the final state of affairs justified the drastic action. A Virtue Ethicist would concern himself with neither, but would look at whether the perpetrator acted in accordance with worthy virtues. Deontology may sometimes be consistent with Moral Absolutism the belief that some actions are wrong no matter what consequences follow from thembut not necessarily.
For instance, Immanuel Kant famously argued that it is always wrong to lie, even if a murderer is asking for the location of a potential victim. But others, such as W.
Ross -hold that the consequences of an action such as lying may sometimes make lying the right thing to do Moral Relativism. It is sometimes described as "duty-based" or "obligation-based" ethics, because Deontologists believe that ethical rules bind people to their duty.
The term "deontology" derives from the Greek "deon" meaning "obligation" or "duty", and "logos" meaning "speaking" or "study", and was first used in this way inin the book "Five Types of Ethical Theory" by C.
Broad - Immanuel Kant defined an imperative as any proposition that declares a certain action or inaction to be necessary. A hypothetical imperative would compel action in a given circumstance e. A categorical imperative would denote an absolute, unconditional requirement that exerts its authority in all circumstances, both required and justified as an end in itself.
He argued that the "highest good" must be both intrinsically good good "in itself"and good without qualification when the addition of that thing never makes a situation ethically worse. He concluded that there is only one thing that is truly good: From this concept of duty, Kant derived what he called a categorical imperative, a principle that is intrinsically valid good in and of itselfand that must be obeyed in all situations and circumstances if our behavior is to observe moral laws.
He considered it an unconditional obligation, regardless of our will or desires, and regardless of any consequences which might arise from the action. He also believed that if an action is not done with the motive of duty, then it is without moral value and therefore meaningless.
Kant developed his moral philosophy in three works:Essay topics: The rules that the whole society today expects young people to follow are too strict. Submitted by echoqishu on Thu, 04/17/ - In terms of these rules, they are expected to pursue the high grade in class, to hunt for the best job and even to get married before 30 years old.
Civic Responsibility vs. Religious Duty in Antigone - In the play Antigone, Creon, king of Thebes faces a harsh conflict with himself, involving the values of family and religion verse the civic responsibility he must maintain for the city of Thebes that comes with being the new king.
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If something comes up, you can return or exchange up to two hours before showtime through Fandango. Right To Rule Citizens Duty Obey The Law Philosophy Essay. Print The main follower of this conflict is Robert P. Wolff who supports that state’s right to rule and the citizen’s duty to obey the law are correlative views.
the requirement of obedience which essentially is the obligation to obey the rules; in other words political.