The Holocaust What was it?
Germans attempted to rewrite their own history to make it more palatable in the post-war era. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Main article: Sh'erit ha-Pletah The Holocaust and its aftermath left millions of refugees, including many Jews who had lost most or all of their family members and possessions, and often faced persistent antisemitism in their home countries.
The original plan of the Allies was to repatriate these "displaced persons" to their countries of origin, but many refused to return, or were unable to as their homes or communities had been destroyed.
As a result, more thanlanguished in displaced persons camps for years after the war ended. With most displaced persons being unable or unwilling to return to their former homes in Europe, and with restrictions to immigration to many western countries remaining in place, the British Mandate of Palestine became the primary destination for many Jewish refugees.
However, as local Arabs opposed their immigration, the United Kingdom refused to allow Jewish refugees into the Mandate territory. Countries in the Soviet Bloc made emigration difficult. Former Jewish partisans in Europe, along with the Haganah in British Mandate of Palestine, organized a massive effort to smuggle Jews into Palestine, called Berihahwhich eventually transportedJews both displaced persons and those who had been in hiding during the war to Mandate Palestine.
After the State of Israel declared independence inJews were able to emigrate to Israel legally and without restriction. Bywhen the displaced persons camps were closed, there were more than 80, Jewish former displaced persons in the United States, aboutin Israel, and another 10, in other countries, including Mexico, Japan, and countries in Africa and South America.
Resurgence of antisemitism[ edit ] Main articles: The attitude of Christian Poles towards Polish Jews hardened significantly and hundreds of Jews were killed in anti-Jewish violence.
Some were simply killed for financial reasons. Situations like these result in heated and dramatic protests on the part of some survivors against the Israeli government and related agencies.
The average rate of cancer among survivors is nearly two and a half times the national average, while the average rate of colon cancerattributed to the victims' experience of starvation and extreme stress, is nine times higher.
The population of survivors that now live in Israel has now dwindled toYad Vashem provides a searchable database of three million names, about half of the known Jewish victims. Other databases and lists of victims' names, some searchable over the internet, are listed in Holocaust resources.
Impact on culture[ edit ] Effect on Yiddish language and culture[ edit ] In the decades preceding World War II, there was a tremendous growth in the recognition of Yiddish as an official Jewish European language, even a Yiddish renaissancein particular in Poland.
In the s and s the Soviet Jewish public rejected the cultural autonomy offered to it by the regime and opted for Russification: Even in Poland, where harsh discrimination left the Jews as a cohesive ethnic group, Yiddish was rapidly declining in favour of Polonization.
The Holocaust led to a dramatic decline in the use of Yiddish, as the extensive Jewish communities, both secular and religious, that used Yiddish in their day-to-day lives were largely destroyed.
Holocaust theology Holocaust theology is a body of theological and philosophical debate concerning the role of God in the universe in light of the Holocaust of the late s and s.
It is primarily found in Judaism ; Jews were drastically affected by the Holocaust, in which six million Jews were murdered in a genocide by Nazi Germany and its allies.
Others include the additional five million non-Jewish victims, bringing the total to about 11 million. The Eastern European Jewish population was particularly hard hit, being reduced by ninety percent.
Judaism, Christianityand Islam have traditionally taught that God is omniscient all-knowingomnipotent all-powerfuland omnibenevolent all-good in nature.
However, these views are in apparent contrast with the injustice and suffering in the world. Monotheists seek to reconcile this view of God with the existence of evil and suffering. In so doing, they are confronting what is known as the problem of evil.
Within all of the monotheistic faiths many answers theodicies have been proposed. In light of the magnitude of depravity seen in the Holocaust, many people have also re-examined classical views on this subject.
A common question raised in Holocaust theology is "How can people still have any kind of faith after the Holocaust? For a creation will never be able to fully grasp the creator, just as a child in an operating theater can not fathom why men are cutting up a live man's body. As the grand Lubavitcher Rebbe once told Elie Weisel that after witnessing the holocaust and realising how low man can steep, who can we trust, if not God?
Nevertheless, Orthodox Judaism does encourage us to pray and cry out to God, and complain to him how he lets bad things happen.
See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. September Learn how and when to remove this template message Theodor Adorno commented that "writing poetry after Auschwitz is barbaric,"  and the Holocaust has indeed had a profound impact on art and literature, for both Jews and non-Jews.A considerable number and variety of Jewish agencies worked to assist the Jewish displaced persons.
The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee provided Holocaust survivors with food and clothing, while the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT) offered vocational training.
The Holocaust and its Portrayal in The Book Thief by Markus Zusak Essay - German citizens had to endure a challenging lifestyle, presented by Adolf Hitler, of fascism, the holocaust, Jewish laws and propaganda during World War II. Custom The Holocaust Effects On Jews During WWII Essay Writing Service || The Holocaust Effects On Jews During WWII Essay samples, help Introduction The Holocaust is the time between 30 th of January, when Adolf Hitler was declared Germany’s chancellor and 8 th of May, when Europe officially ended the Second World War.
Holocaust: Holocaust, the systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jewish men, women, and children and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II. Today the Holocaust is viewed as the emblematic manifestation of absolute evil.
An emaciated year-old Russian girl looks into the camera lens during the liberation of Dachau concentration camp in Dachau was the first German concentration camp, opened in Most historians define the Holocaust as the German genocide of the European Jews, carried out between and [c] Donald Niewyk and Francis Nicosia, writing in The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust (), favour a definition that focuses on the Jews, Roma and handicapped (Aktion T4 victims), because they were targets of Nazi efforts to destroy entire groups based on heredity.