An inheritance had allowed the family to acquire a shop in which they sold china and sporting goods, although it failed to prosper:
See Article History Alternative Title: Herbert George Wells H. Wells, in full Herbert George Wells, born Sept. Early life Wells was the son of domestic servants turned small shopkeepers.
He grew up under the continual threat of poverty, and at age 14, after a Hg wells inadequate education supplemented by his inexhaustible love of reading, he was apprenticed to a draper in Windsor.
Hg wells employer soon dismissed him; and he became assistant to a chemist, then to another draper, and finally, inan usher at Midhurst Grammar School. Huxley was one of his teachers.
He graduated from London University inbecoming a science teacher and undergoing a period of ill health and financial worries, the latter aggravated by his marriage, into his cousin, Isabel Mary Wells. The marriage was not a success, and in Wells ran off with Amy Catherine Robbins Hg wells.
With his first novelThe Time Machinewhich was immediately successful, he began a series of science fiction novels that revealed him as a writer of marked originality and an immense fecundity of ideas: For a time he acquired a reputation as a prophet of the future, and indeed, in The War in the Airhe foresaw certain developments in the military use of aircraft.
But his imagination flourished at its best not in the manner of the comparatively mechanical anticipations of Jules Verne but in the astronomical fantasies of The First Men in the Moon and The War of the Worldsfrom the latter of which the image of the Martian has passed into popular mythology.
Behind his inventiveness lay a passionate concern for man and society, which increasingly broke into the fantasy of his science fiction, often diverting it into satire and sometimes, as in The Food of the Gods, destroying its credibility.
Eventually, Wells decided to abandon science fiction for comic novels of lower middle-class life, most notably in Love and Mr. LewishamKipps: In these novels, and in Tono-Bungayhe drew on memories of his own earlier life, and, through the thoughts of inarticulate yet often ambitious heroes, revealed the hopes and frustrations of clerks, shop assistants, and underpaid teachers, who had rarely before been treated in fiction with such sympathetic understanding.
In these novels, too, he made his liveliest, most persuasive comment on the problems of Western society that were soon to become his main preoccupation. About this time, too, he became an active socialist, and in joined the Fabian Societythough he soon began to criticize its methods.
The bitter quarrel he precipitated by his unsuccessful attempt to wrest control of the Fabian Society from George Bernard Shaw and Sidney and Beatrice Webb in —07 is retold in his novel The New Machiavelliin which the Webbs are parodied as the Baileys.
Middle and late works After about the pamphleteer and the novelist were in conflict in Wells, and only The History of Mr. Polly and the lighthearted Bealby can be considered primarily as fiction.
His later novels are mainly discussions of social or political themes that show little concern for the novel as a literary form. His next novel, Mr. Britling Sees It Throughthough touched by the prejudice and shortsightedness of wartime, gives a brilliant picture of the English people in World War I.
To help bring about this process of adaptation Wells began an ambitious work of popular education, of which the main products were The Outline of History ; revisedThe Science of Lifecowritten with Julian Huxley and G. At the same time he continued to publish works of fiction, in which his gifts of narrative and dialogue give way almost entirely to polemics.
His sense of humour reappears, however, in the reminiscences of his Experiment in Autobiography Produced by Alexander Kordathe film Things to Come  remains, on account of its special effectsone of the outstanding British films of the 20th century.
Fear of a tragic wrong turning in the development of the human raceto which he had early given imaginative expression in the grotesque animal mutations of The Island of Doctor Moreaudominates the short novels and fables he wrote in the later s. Wells was now ill and aging.
With the outbreak of World War IIhe lost all confidence in the future, and in Mind at the End of Its Tether he depicts a bleak vision of a world in which nature has rejected, and is destroying, humankind.
Legacy In spite of an awareness of possible world catastrophe that underlay much of his earlier work and flared up again in old ageWells in his lifetime was regarded as the chief literary spokesman of the liberal optimism that preceded World War I.
No other writer has caught so vividly the energy of this period, its adventurousness, its feeling of release from the conventions of Victorian thought and propriety. None of his contemporaries did more to encourage revolt against Christian tenets and accepted codes of behaviour, especially as regards sex, in which, both in his books and in his personal life, he was a persistent advocate of an almost complete freedom.
Though in many ways hasty, ill-tempered, and contradictory, Wells was undeviating and fearless in his efforts for social equality, world peace, and what he considered to be the future good of humanity.
As a creative writer his reputation rests on the early science fiction books and on the comic novels. In his science fiction, he took the ideas and fears that haunted the mind of his age and gave them symbolic expression as brilliantly conceived fantasy made credible by the quiet realism of its setting.
In the comic novels, though his psychology lacks subtlety and the construction of his plots is often awkward, he shows a fund of humour and a deep sympathy for ordinary people. His best work has a vigour, vitality, and exuberance unsurpassed, in its way, by that of any other British writer of the early 20th century.+ free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. The Time Machine is a science fiction novella by H. G. Wells, published in and written as a frame urbanagricultureinitiative.com work is generally credited with the popularization of the concept of time travel by using a vehicle that allows an operator to travel purposely and selectively forwards or backwards in time.
The term "time machine", coined by Wells, . H.G.
Wells: H.G. Wells, English novelist, journalist, sociologist, and historian best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine and The War of the Worlds and such comic novels as Tono-Bungay and The History of Mr.
Polly. Wells was the son of . The Time Machine is a science fiction novella by H. G. Wells, published in and written as a frame urbanagricultureinitiative.com work is generally credited with the popularization of the concept of time travel by using a vehicle that allows an operator to travel purposely and selectively forwards or backwards in time.
The term "time machine", coined by Wells, is now almost universally used to refer to. The annual HG Wells Fiction Short Story Competition offers a £ Senior and £1, Junior prize and free publication of all shortlisted entries in a quality, professionally published paperback anthology.
The Time Machine is a novella by H. G. Wells that was first published in