Terrestrial microwaves are in the low gigahertz range, which limits all communications to line-of-sight. These Earth-orbiting systems are capable of receiving and relaying voice, data, and TV signals. Cellular and PCS systems use several radio communications technologies. The systems divide the region covered into multiple geographic areas.
Retailing in antiquity[ edit ] Marketplace at Trajan's Forum, the earliest known example of permanent retail shopfronts Retail markets have existed since ancient times.
Archaeological evidence for trade, probably involving barter systems, dates back more than 10, years. As civilizations grew, barter was replaced with retail trade involving coinage.
These markets typically occupied a place in the town's centre.
Surrounding the market, skilled artisans, such as metal-workers and leather workers, occupied permanent premises in alleys that led to the open market-place.
These artisans may have Geographic segmentation of tesco wares directly from their premises, but also prepared goods for sale on market days.
The latter was a vast expanse, comprising multiple buildings with shops on four levels. The Phoenicians imported and exported wood, textiles, glass and produce such as wine, oil, dried fruit and nuts.
Their trading skills necessitated a network of colonies along the Mediterranean coast, stretching from modern day Crete through to Tangiers and onto Sardinia  The Phoenicians not only traded in tangible goods, but were also instrumental in transporting culture. The Phoenician's extensive trade networks necessitated considerable book-keeping and correspondence.
In around BCE, the Phoenicians developed a consonantal alphabet which was much easier to learn that the complex scripts used in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Phoenician traders and merchants were largely responsible for spreading their alphabet around the region.
Established init is thought to be the oldest continuously operating covered market In the Graeco-Roman world, the market primarily served the local peasantry.
Local producers, who were generally poor, would sell small surpluses from their individual farming activities, purchase minor farm equipment and also buy a few luxuries for their homes.
Major producers such as the great estates were sufficiently attractive for merchants to call directly at their farm-gates, obviating the producers' need to attend local markets. The very wealthy landowners managed their own distribution, which may have involved exporting and importing.
The nature of export markets in antiquity is well documented in ancient sources and archaeological case studies.
In 13th century London, mercers and haberdashers were known to exist and grocers sold "miscellaneous small wares as well as spices and medicines" but fish and other perishables were sold through markets, costermongers, hucksters, peddlers or other type of itinerant vendor.
In Chestera medieval covered shopping arcade represented a major innovation that attracted shoppers from many miles around.
Known as " The Rows" this medieval shopping arcade is believed to be the first of its kind in Europe. A typical 17th century shop, with customers being served through an opening onto the street Medieval shops had little in common with their modern equivalent.
As late as the 16th century, London's shops were described as little more than "rude booths" and their owners "bawled as loudly as the itinerants. The shutters were designed to open so that the top portion formed a canopy while the bottom was fitted with legs so that it could serve as a shopboard.
Glazed windows, which were rare during the medieval period, and did not become commonplace until the eighteenth century, meant that shop interiors were dark places. Outside the markets, goods were rarely out on display and the service counter was unknown. Shoppers had relatively few opportunities to inspect the merchandise prior to consumption.
Many stores had openings onto the street from which they served customers.
Markets were held daily in the more populous towns and cities or weekly in the more sparsely populated rural districts.urbanagricultureinitiative.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
Tesco business environment, TESCO Macro environment, TESCO Micro Environment, TESCO SWOT analysis, TESCO PESTEL Analysis, segmentation, targeting, positioning, communication plan, Competitive Strategy Geographic Segmentation World region: 1-From England 2-Outside England Demographic Religion: 1-Muslim 2- Christian 3-Jwish5/5(6).
Geographic segmentation means dividing the market into different geographical units such as nations, regions, states, counties, cities, or neighbourhoods. Geographic segmentation •Tesco Metro •Tesco Express •One Stop. What is demographic segmentation?
Demographic segmentation means. Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit. Retailers satisfy demand identified through a supply urbanagricultureinitiative.com term "retailer" is typically applied where a service provider fills the small orders of a large number of individuals, who are end-users, rather than large orders of a small number of wholesale.
Dec 05, · Published: Mon, 5 Dec Marketing strategy as defined by the Chartered institute of Marketing is: “A set of objectives which an organisation allocates to its marketing function in order to support the overall corporate strategy, together with the broad methods to achieve these objectives”.
Geographic segmentation The Tesco, apart from its base located in England, also operates in 13 international markets.
A division of the market is based on the country running and great attention is paid to the specific needs of each geographic segment.