Submit all papers by date of writing This page includes all of my published papers and a few of my unpublished papers, listed in reverse chronological order by date of writing, which is typically also date of first web publication though not date of print publication, which is in some cases many years later. Andy Clark and His Critics.
The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false.
The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision. Thus all persons practice philosophy whether they know it or not. Autocosmic Answers What is existing? Reality consists ultimately of matter and energy and their fundamentally lawlike and unwilled relations in space-time.
To exist is to have a causal relationship with the rest of the universe. The universe is the maximal set of circumstances that includes this statement and no subset of which is causally unrelated Dualism vs physicalism the remainder. Humans do not know why the universe exists or what it is for.
The universe operates without supernatural intervention and according to lawlike regularities that can be understood through empirical investigation and without special intuition. Humans have no credible evidence of any supernatural agency or unity. Humans have no credible evidence that any minds enjoy eternal existence.
Knowledge is justified true belief. Truth is logical Dualism vs physicalism parsimonious consistency with evidence and with other truth.
This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work. Identity Theory. Identity theory is a family of views on the relationship between mind and body. Type Identity theories hold that at least some types (or kinds, or classes) of mental states are, as a matter of contingent fact, literally identical with some types (or kinds, or classes) of brain states. Mind-body dualism and materialism. The mind is still one of the biggest mysteries in science. It appears to be so different to other physical substances that throughout most of history, people believed that it isn’t a physical substance at all.
Meaning is the context-sensitive connotation ultimately established by relevant denotation and use. All synthetic propositions including this one can only be known from experience and are subject to doubt.
A synthetic statement is propositionally meaningless if it is in principle neither falsifiable nor verifiable. A mind is any volition al conscious faculty for perception and cognition. Minds and ideas consist ultimately of matter. Mental states are functional states consisting of causal relations among components for processing information.
Consciousness is awareness of self and environment. Intelligence is the ability to make, test, and apply inductions about perceptions of self and world. There are no forms of reasoning or kinds of knowledge that are in principle inaccessible to regular intelligence.
As autonomous living intellects, we persons value intelligence and life and the autonomy they need to flourish.
A person is any intelligen t being with significant volitional control over how it affects other beings. All persons have the right to life and liberty. All beings have the right not to suffer torture or extinction. Liberty is volition in the absence of aggression. Coercion is compulsion of one person by another through force or threat of aggression.
Justice is the minimization, reversal and punishment of aggression.
The purpose of the state is to effect justice, provide aid and sustenance to persons in mortal danger, protect species in danger of extinction, and prevent torture. Autocosmology is a synthesis of metaphysical naturalismontological materialismepistemological empiricism and positivismmental functionalismtheological atheismaxiological extropianismpolitical libertarianismeconomic capitalismconstitutional federalismbiological evolutionismevolutionary psychology, and technological optimism.
Autocosmology is the worldview asserted by this text. Faith is belief based on revelation and exempt from doubt. Mysticism is belief based on private and direct experience of ultimate reality. Skepticism is belief that is always subject to doubt and justified through objective verification.
Cynicism is the absence of belief. Faith is the most common mode of belief in the Western world, where the Abrahamic religions are prevalent. Mysticism is the most common mode of belief in the Eastern world.
Skepticism is practiced worldwide with varying amounts of rigor by the minority of thinkers who have been influenced more by science than by tradition. Cynicism too is practiced by a worldwide minority, often as a simplistic reaction to the rigidity of faith, the emptiness of mysticism, or the relativism of skepticism.
A skeptic believes what he sees. A mystic believes what he feels. A fideist believes what he hears. A cynic believes nothing.The rise of modern science has brought with it increasing acceptance among intellectual elites of a worldview that conflicts sharply both with everyday human experience and with beliefs widely shared among the world’s great cultural traditions.
Emergence. If we were pressed to give a definition of emergence, we could say that a property is emergent if it is a novel property of a system or an entity that arises when that system or entity has reached a certain level of complexity and that, even though it exists only insofar as the system or entity exists, it is distinct from the properties of the parts of the system from which it emerges.
Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation. Mind-body dualism and materialism.
The mind is still one of the biggest mysteries in science. It appears to be so different to other physical substances that throughout most of history, people believed that it isn’t a physical substance at all.
A recent article using a structuralist view of the physical world to argue against global skepticism. Among other things this gives a sort of foundation for the argument in the Matrix paper below. A recent article using a structuralist view of the physical world to argue against global skepticism.
Among other things this gives a sort of foundation for the argument in the Matrix paper below.