Direct democracy vs representative democracy

The power of representatives is usually curtailed by a constitution as in a constitutional democracy or a constitutional monarchy or other measures to balance representative power: The constitution may also provide for some deliberative democracy e. However, these are not always binding and usually require some legislative action—legal power usually remains firmly with representatives.

Direct democracy vs representative democracy

Direct democracy vs representative democracy

The power of representatives is usually curtailed by a constitution as in a constitutional democracy or a constitutional monarchy or other measures to balance representative power: The constitution may also provide for some deliberative democracy e. However, these are not always binding and usually require some legislative action—legal power usually remains firmly with representatives.

Theorists such as Edmund Burke believe that part of the duty of a representative was not simply to communicate the wishes of the electorate but also to use their own judgement in the exercise of their powers, even if their views are not reflective of those of a majority of voters: Their wishes ought to have great weight with him; their opinion, high respect; their business, unremitted attention.

It is his duty to sacrifice his repose, his pleasures, his satisfactions, to theirs; and above all, ever, and in all cases, to prefer their interest to his own. But his unbiassed opinion, his mature judgment, his enlightened conscience, he ought not to sacrifice to you, to any man, or to any set of men living.

These he does not derive from your pleasure; no, nor from the law and the constitution. They are a trust from Providence, for the abuse of which he is deeply answerable.

Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinion. Democratization The Roman Republic was the first known government in the western world to have a representative government, despite taking the form of a direct government in the Roman assemblies.

The Roman model of governance inspired many political thinkers over the centuries, [7] and today's modern representative democracies imitate more the Roman than the Greek models because it was a state in which supreme power was held by the people and their elected representatives, and which had an elected or nominated leader.

In Britain, Simon de Montfort is remembered as one of the fathers of representative government for holding two famous parliaments. Senators were not directly elected by the people until the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in Women, men who owned no property, and blacks, and others not originally given voting rights in most states eventually gained the vote through changes in state and federal law in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Until it was repealed by the Fourteenth Amendment following the Civil Warthe Three-Fifths Compromise gave a disproportionate representation of slave states in the House of Representatives relative to the voters in free states.

As noted above, Edmund Burke in his speech to the electors of Bristol classically analysed their operation in Britain and the rights and duties of an elected representative. House of Representatives, one example of representative democracy Globally, a majority of the world's people live in representative democracies including constitutional monarchies and republics with strong representative branches.

Research on representation per se[ edit ] Further information: Representation politics Separate but related, and very large, bodies of research in political philosophy and social science investigate how and how well elected representatives, such as legislators, represent the interests or preferences of one or another constituency.

Criticisms[ edit ] In his book Political Partieswritten inRobert Michels argues that most representative systems deteriorate towards an oligarchy or particracy.

Representative democracy - Wikipedia

This is known as the iron law of oligarchy. Society has to be built up from bottom to top. As a consequence, society is built up by people, who are free and have the power to defend themselves with weapons.

These free people join or form local communities. These local communities are independent, which includes financial independence, and they are free to determine their own rules.

Local communities join together into a higher unit e. There is no hierarchical bureaucracy. There is competition between these local communities e. A drawback to this type of government is that elected officials are not required to fulfill promises made before their election and are able to promote their own self-interests once elected, providing an incohesive system of governance.

Stochocracy aims to at least reduce this degradation by having all representatives appointed by lottery instead of by voting. Therefore, this system is also called lottocracy. The system was proposed by the writer Roger de Sizif in in his book La Stochocratie.

Choosing officeholders by lot was also the standard practice in ancient Athenian democracy. The system of deliberative democracy is a mix between a majority ruled system and a consensus-based system.

It allows for representative democracies or direct democracies to coexist with its system of governance, providing an initial advantage.Timeline of the National Citizens Initiative for Democracy.

The National Citizens Initiative for Democracy proposal is the product of a long process of critical evaluation. Electoral Systems and Democracy (A Journal of Democracy Book) [Larry Diamond, Marc F.

Plattner] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The newest volume in the acclaimed Journal of Democracy series addresses electoral systems and democracy. As the number of democracies has increased around the world.

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Participatory democracy vs representative democracy The Greeks are often credited with the creation of democracy. Named "demokratia," or "rule of the people," this political system radically changed the relationship of power between a government and its people. Democracy challenged political elites to .

Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative government or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

Direct democracy vs representative democracy

Nearly all modern Western-style democracies are types of representative democracies; for example, the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, France is .

Paul Ryan claims the US is the 'oldest democracy' in the world.

Democracy — Global Issues

Is he right? By Sarah Hauer on Monday, July 11th, at a.m. Direct democracy would lead to better decision-making than we get under representative democracy. Elected politicians are almost all well-off professionals with little experience of life for ordinary people.

Difference between Direct and Representative Democracy | Direct vs Representative Democracy