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Delhi became the capital of British India inbut it had previously served that role for a succession of dynasties. Has the city always depended, throughout its history, on the patronage of a government or a ruler, whether the Mughals, the British, or the Indian Republic?
I think what you see, looking at a much wider picture, is that Delhi has this concertinaing history: You can go all the way back to Indraprastha: It grows again as a centre for refugees from the Mongols—a role that it has played over and over again at times in its history—it continues to grow, as the one place that defied the Mongols: Tughlaqabad is not taken, unlike Baghdad or Balk or Ghazni.
But in the end Timur does take the city, aroundand it is burnt to the ground and contracts again: It then remains a provincial city for another years or so.
Under the early Mughals, there is no formal capital: But Delhi grows again when a huge amount of money is poured into it by Shah Jahan and all his daughters delhi after 20 years essay help family—commissions, caravanserais, and so on.
Again, however, within about 30 years of the founding of Shahjahanabad, the city has contracted again. One of these European travellers shows up not long after Shah Jahan dies and writes that the city is already deserted again: The city grows very fast again between and It becomes a very prosperous city under the British, with the Mughal court as its centre.
Each of these times it grows and contracts, grows and contracts. No other city I know of, in fact, has this kind of succession of deaths and revivals. Delhi becomes the capital inbut the two big cities in north India are still Calcutta and Lahore, at least until What was the city like between and ?
It is still a small town, but it is expanding, because the railroads are here, because the British educational institutions are opening up. The inhabitants are expelled and not allowed to return, out of pure punishment.
There was almost no one here. Two cities are punished for their role in the Mutiny: Delhi and Lucknow; the centre of UP moves to Allahabad and the centre of this part of India moves to Lahore—even today, if you want to look at the colonial records for Delhi from that era you have to go to archives in Lahore.
There is a kind of aura, and a prestige, that accrues to him. But in order to rid India of the British, they need an alternate authority, and the emperor plays that role. When you think about the city after the Mutiny, you must not underestimate the catastrophe in The city was growing—but it was growing from nothing.
Not only was the city almost erased, the culture of the city—which is what had distinguished it—and the elite of the city, are deliberately targeted and reduced. You have all the Mughal names removed: Roshanara Bagh becomes the Queen Victoria Gardens, all the places with Mughal names get British appellations; the language of government, the language of power, is strictly English.
After the events ofand the subsequent devastation of the city, what led the British to move the capital here 50 years later? One is a straightforward British political calculation, because the Bengalis are causing a lot of trouble for the Brits. Particularly after the reign of Lord Curzon [from to ], the Bengalis are seen by the British to be troublemakers, political activists, too-clever-by-half babus, and Calcutta itself also becomes unmanageably large and chaotic as an urban space.
The decision to move the capital in is also linked, in a way, to a perceived need to pacify the Muslims, to play the Muslims versus the Bengalis, or the Muslims versus the Hindus. When Bengal is divided inthe British see that the Muslims seem to be happy about that, while the Congress, the nationalists, and the Bengalis are very unhappy about it.
In one sense you have a desire to get away from the Bengalis, the troublesome Bengalis. But also the British, by the turn of the century, have ceased to regard the Mughals as a threat—as something to be frightened of or erased from memory—and come to think of themselves as the successors to the Mughals.
And they are helped by the fact that all the Delhi elites ofthe few that survived, are very much collaborating with the British regime. They are all teaching their people to be loyal to the British, trying to get into modern education and reform their community, so to say.
Delhi, the capital, is the reward for the loyalty of Muslims who were supporting the regime. Delhi had served as a capital for hundreds of years; Muslims were attached to the city of Delhi; and the Bengalis were creating a big ruckus.Essay on “My City Delhi” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.
About. Vision; Website Inauguration Function. It was because before partition, it lay almost in the heart of the country. Its importance, however, has not diminished after Independence. Delhi is sometimes called the city of kings. Having. Hindi Short Story “Jese ko Tesa”, “जैसे को तैसा” Hindi Laghu Katha for Class 9, Class 10 and Class Hindi Short Story “Lalchi Kutta”, “लालची कुत्ता” Hindi Laghu Katha for .
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The Mughal emperor Shah Alam hands a scroll to Robert Clive, the governor of Bengal, which transferred tax collecting rights in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the East India Company.