Can sex be addictive essay

Charcot, Janet, and Freud all noted that fragmented memories of traumatic events dominated the mental life of many of their patient and built their theories about the nature and treatment of psychopathology on this recognition. Janet 75 thought that traumatic memories of traumatic events persist as unassimilated fixed ideas that act as foci for the development of alternate states of consciousness, including dissociative phenomena, such as fugue states, amnesias, and chronic states of helplessness and depression. Unbidden memories of the trauma may return as physical sensations, horrific images or nightmares, behavioral reenactments, or a combination of these.

Can sex be addictive essay

By Dan Hurley Wednesday, February 05, Nicotine delivery devices like the patch could offer surprising benefits to people diagnosed with certain neurological disorders. Morphine remains one of the most potent painkillers ever discovered.

Even demon alcohol, when taken in moderation, cuts the risk of heart attacks, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and a hodgepodge of other Can sex be addictive essay.

Orion Magazine | Dark Ecology

Now comes nicotine, perhaps the most unlikely wonder drug ever to be reviled. It might even improve attention and focus enough to qualify as a cognitive enhancer. Although, in truth, few safety studies of the increasingly popular e-cigarettes have yet been published.

In Januarya six-year follow-up study of adults who had recently quit smoking found that those who used nicotine replacement therapy in the form of a patch, gum, inhaler or nasal spray had the same long-term relapse rate as those who did not use the products.

Heavy smokers who tried to quit without the benefit of counseling were actually twice as likely to relapse if they used a nicotine replacement product. I totally get it. Using health insurance data onveterans who had served in the U. At any given age, cigarette smokers were 11 times as likely to have died of lung cancer as nonsmokers, and 12 times as likely to have died of emphysema.

Cancers of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, larynx — on and on. But amid the lineup of usual suspects, one oddball jumped out: The neurotransmitter dopamine sends signals related to pleasure, reward and motor function across neurons in the brain.

The neurodegenerative disorder affects about 1 percent of people by age 60, rising to about 4 percent by age So what was it about tobacco that ravaged the heart, lungs, teeth and skin but somehow guarded against a disease of the brain? Dopamine also helps control movement.

Nicotine receptors in the striatum, the comma-shaped structure near the center of the brain where movements are planned and controlled, are located near the terminals that regulate and emit dopamine. Even a small dose of nicotine, Chesselet found, stimulates the release of dopamine in the striatum, putting the brakes on movement that otherwise would go uncontrolled.

Although its ultimate cause remains unexplained, neuroscientists have long known that as symptoms worsen, dopamine-producing neurons in the striatum die out. Since the s, the gold-standard treatment for the disease has been the drug levodopa, also known as L-dopa, a dopamine precursor that can cross the blood-brain barrier.

But the drug is not perfect: L-dopa treatment eventually induces dyskinesia — quick, involuntary movements of the hands, and sometimes of the head and trunk.

Can sex be addictive essay

In a landmark paper, she reported that the monkeys had 50 percent fewer tremors and tics, and that nicotine had reduced dyskinesia 35 percent in those already receiving L-dopa. Studies by Quik and others involving rats, mice and nonhuman primates have since found similar effects. That will change soon.

Boyd is now running two such studies. When they take L-dopa, however, some have been known to swing to the other side of the reward-seeking spectrum, developing gambling or sexual addictions. Boyd hopes nicotine might push such patients back to a middle ground.

He is also the principal U. The presence of nicotine increases the amount of intracellular calcium, which appears to improve cellular survival. They received either a milligram nicotine patch or placebo for six months. Other studies suggest that nicotine may be as effective at enhancing attention as methylphenidate Ritalin and the wakefulness-promoting drug modafinil Provigil.

InPaul Newhouse, director of the Center for Cognitive Medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, compared performance on a series of cognitive tasks in 15 nonsmoking ADHD patients while wearing either a 7-mg nicotine patch or a placebo patch.

After just 45 minutes with the nicotine patch, the young adults were significantly better at inhibiting an impulse, delaying a reward and remembering an image they had seen.

Even people without any diagnosed disorder might benefit from nicotine. The ability to shut out stimuli could also turn nicotine into a treatment for schizophrenia, where afflicted individuals are overwhelmed by sights, sounds and thoughts that most of us would either ignore or quickly dismiss.

Studies in the United States, Canada and Germany have shown that nicotine improves the ability of people with schizophrenia to focus their attention and recall recent events. Not the Great Satan Perhaps most surprising is that, in studies by Boyd and others, nicotine has not caused addiction or withdrawal when used to treat disease.

Tobacco may well be as addictive as heroin, as some have claimed.

The Compulsion to Repeat the Trauma

But as scientists know, getting mice or other animals hooked on nicotine alone is dauntingly difficult. Infor instance, researchers at the University of California, Irvine, found that animals self-administer a combination of nicotine and acetaldehyde, an organic chemical found in tobacco, significantly more often than either chemical alone.urbanagricultureinitiative.com Essay Collection and Other Short Pieces [C.S.

Lewis, Lesley Walmsley] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Can sex be addictive essay

Sexual addiction is a psychological condition in which the individual is unable to manage their sexual behavior. It is also known as hypersexuality. W e can only speak for ourselves. The specialized nature of Sexaholics Anonymous can best be understood in terms of what we call the urbanagricultureinitiative.com sexaholic has taken himself or herself out of the whole context of what is right or wrong.

I’m an expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities. That’s why I spent the last three years as Google’s Design Ethicist caring about how to design things in a way that defends a billion people’s minds from getting hijacked.

Now for the Health Risks Of Chocolate:

I’m an expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities. That’s why I spent the last three years as Google’s Design Ethicist caring about how to design things in a way that defends a billion people’s minds from getting hijacked.

Today, on the first day of the new decade of 'x' years, I am going to tell you why that is. I am hereby triggering the national dialog on what the foremost challenge for the United States will be in this decade, which is the ultimate root cause of most of the other problems we appear to be struggling with.

Sexual addiction: Symptoms, causes, and treatment